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Apr 11

Drug Addiction

The present condition of drug addiction in the United States is alarming as the issue has reached maximum level compared with the same condition at any time in the past. When people are addicted, they have a compulsive need to seek out and use a substance, even when they are aware of the harm it can cause. Drug addiction is not only dangerous to one’s health but it ruins the person’s quality of life. Addictive drugs are classified as: alcohol, opioid, cannabis, cocaine, and nicotine.

Alcoholism causes major health problems, like cirrhosis of the liver and is a major factor in most vehicular accidents. After various studies, researchers have linked alcohol consumption to more than 60 diseases.

Opioids relieve pain. Opium, the 1st opioid, is derived from opium plant and its uses are dated back to the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia. In the early 18th century, physicians in the U.S. used opium for multiple medical purposes. Considered for its medical purpose, opium was later discovered by some physicians to have addictive quality. Morphine was isolated from opium and used as a treatment for opium addiction; however, over the years, morphine abuse increased. Heroin was synthesized from morphine but it turned out that heroin was also highly addictive, and was eventually classified as an illegal drug in the United States.

Cannabis, known as marijuana, was intended as a psychoactive drug and as medicine. Marijuana can be smoked, eaten, mixed with food, or brewed as a tea. It was discerned harmful as it can damage thinking, memory, and learning.

Cocaine is a transparent alkaloid derived from the fronds of coca plant. It is an addictive drug as it affects the pathway of the mesolimbic reward and is even considered more dangerous than the entire amphetamine drug class. It has been the cause of sudden cardiac deaths.

Nicotine is a potent alkaloid and a stimulant drug. It is contained in cigarettes. Each cigarette has about 10 milligrams of nicotine. Nicotine is only one of more than 4,000 chemicals, many of which are toxic found in the smoke from tobacco products.

The State of California promulgates laws dealing with addiction and addictive drugs in two ways: by limiting access to controlled substances and by enacting criminal and civil laws that pertain to addicts. If you have a loved one in need of help, see Inpatient Drug Rehab Talk for assistance.